Before the creation of Federal Capital Territory, Gwagwalada was under the Kwali District of the former Abuja emirate now Suleja emirate.
Gwagwalada Area Council was created on the 15th October, 1984. Its official population figure of 150,000 people has since becomes obsolete. The relocation of the seat of government from Lagos to Abuja in 1992 and the recent demolition of illegal structures within the Federal City Center brought a massive influx of people into the Area Council being one of the fastest growing urban centers in the FCT. The population of the Area Council has grown to over 1,000,000 people.
Subsistence agriculture is the main economic activity of the rural populace and the major crops grown in the Area Council are sorghum, maize, yam, millet, cassava, rice, beniseed etc. It is also favorable for livestock production because of the abundant grazing land.
Gwagwalada, the Area Council headquarters is strategically located. It takes only 25 minutes drive from the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport and about 45minutes to the City center. It is strategically located and this makes it easily accessible to other bordering Area Councils such as Kuje, Abaji, Abuja municipal and Suleja in Niger State.
Public utilities such as road networks, portable water supply, electricity, telephone services are available in Gwagwalada Area Council. The Area Council is also blessed with the presence of important FCT and Federal institutions such as University of Abuja, specialist hospital, Custom, Immigration and Prison pension board, Sharia court of Appeal, FCT School of Nursing, FCT College of Education etc. Also, there are over ten branches of commercial banks operating within the Area Council.
The liberal policies of government have gone a long way in encouraging the setting up of these Institutions and giving the people the privilege of engaging in economic activities.
Plans are underway to locate the market for fairly used vehicles (Tokunbo) to Tunga Maje in Gwagwalada Area Council this when done would boost economic activities in the Area. Also, there are a lot of historical relics and artifacts in Gwagwalada and some of tourist attractions such as the Dadabiri hills, Tsauni hills, Wumi Natural forest, Giri pottery center, Traditional weaving centers at Angwa Teshi and Calabash centers at Zuba and Gwagwalada.
Gwagwalada in the FCT master plan has been designated as the Industrial zone of the territory thereby making the place conducive for the location of industries.
Gwagwalada Area Council is administered by an Executive Chairman elected through adult suffrage. The Council is composed of 10 elected councilors representing the ten wards of the council, namely: Zuba, Ibwa, Dobi Kutunku, Tunga Maje, Gwako, Paikon¬kore, Ikwa, Quarters & Central
To have a cohesive environment that is homely and conducive for all people
Responding creatively to the developmental aspirations of all stakeholders .
Upholding the tenets of hardwork ,adherence to transparency , accountability and quality service delivery.